Organization and Packaging of Python Projects¶
A complex research project often relies and many different programs and software packages to accomplish the research goals. An important part of scientific computing is deciding how to organize and structure the code you use for research. A well-structured project can make you a more efficient and effective researcher. It is also a key component of scientific reproducibility more ...
This brief tutorial will look at the Basemap toolkit extension for matplotlib. Basemap allows you to create map plots in python. It extends matplotlib's functionality by adding geographical projections and some datasets for plotting coast lines and political boundaries, among other things.
We only have time to cover a few examples here, which I have modified from a few places:more ...
Xarray for multidimensional gridded data¶
In last week's lecture, we saw how Pandas provided a way to keep track of additional "metadata" surrounding tabular datasets, including "indexes" for each row and labels for each column. These features, together with Pandas' many useful routines for all kinds of data munging and analysis, have made Pandas one of the most popular python packages in the world.more ...
Pandas is a an open source library providing high-performance, easy-to-use data structures and data analysis tools. Pandas is particularly suited to the analysis of tabular data, i.e. data that can can go into a table. In other words, if you can imagine the data in an Excel spreadsheet, then Pandas is the tool for the job.more ...
Numpy and Matplotlib¶
These are two of the most fundamental parts of the scientific python "ecosystem". Most everything else is built on top of them.
There are three main ways to use python.
- By running a python file, e.g.
- Through an interactive console (python interpreter or ipython shell)
- In an interactive iPython notebook
We will be using the iPython notebook.
There are two versions of the python language out there: python 2 and python 3. Python 2 is more common in the wild but is depracated. The community is moving to python 3. As new python learners, you should learn python 3. But it is important to be aware that python 2 exists. It is possible that a package you want to use is only supported in python 2. In general, it is pretty easy to switch between then.more ...